John M. Quigley, a leading scholar of housing markets, local public finance, energy efficient buildings, homelessness, and racial discrimination in housing, passed away in Berkeley,California on May 12, 2012. Quigley, the I. Donald Terner Distinguished Professor of Public Policy, Business, and Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, was a campus leader, an inspirational mentor, and a leading figure in urban economics and housing policy. During his career he produced fourteen books and over 150 scholarly articles. Quigley excelled at finding clever ways to use empirical data about housing and urban areas to answer important public policy questions such as the macro-economic impact of rising housing prices on consumption behavior, the impact of segregation on African Americans’ opportunities to accumulate wealth through investment in housing, the effect of governmental and voluntary energy standards on energy efficiency and the value of buildings, and the relationship between housing markets and homelessness. He combined boundless energy with an infectious laugh, which he often followed with a sharp intellectual insight. When Quigley saw an issue that was important he immersed himself in research to figure it out.
In the 1970s, Quigley showed, with John F. Kain, that racial segregation not only ghettoized black families, it also reduced their chances of developing savings through home ownership. In later work, Quigley went on to show how segregation reduced job opportunities for minority youth. Kain and Quigley also pioneered the quantitative measurement of housing quality. Their work made it possible to study housing markets where the basic commodity, “housing,” is a bundle of structural and neighborhood characteristics that cannot be completely captured by one number such as the square footage of a home. In their 1975 book, Housing Markets and Racial Discrimination they demonstrated that statistical tools could be used effectively to value housing attributes and to control for differences in them across space and over time. Using these techniques, they showed that in many cities blacks paid substantially more than whites for comparable housing.
In the 1980s, Quigley began to study how government building regulations and voluntary energy standards affected energy efficiency in residential and commercial real estate. In recent work he showed that buildings complying with voluntary Energy Star or LEED standards receive higher rents and higher selling prices—partially because of their energy savings but also because of intangible effects of the label itself due to beliefs about improved worker productivity and improved corporate image from “green” buildings.
In the 1990s, Quigley turned to the study of homelessness. Most scholars focused on the personal characteristics, the mental and physical disabilities and substance abuse problems, of the chronically homeless, but with co-authors Steve Raphael and Gene Smolensky, Quigley showed how housing markets, especially those with limited supplies of low quality and inexpensive rental housing, were part of the problem. In these markets, even the lowest priced housing was often too expensive for those in extreme poverty, and small reductions in its supply due to higher government housing standards or demolition greatly elevated the risk of homelessness.
Quigley also made fundamental contributions to the study of housing markets. A highly influential and prescient 2001 article with Karl Case and Robert Shiller anticipated the 2001-2006 economic expansion by showing that increases in housing wealth, just like increases in stock market wealth, increased consumer spending and fueled macro-economic growth. In recent years when many questions arose about the efficacy of mortgage markets, Quigley wrote about how better government policy and mortgage products could protect homeowners.
Quigley also investigated the impact of regulations on housing prices, the economics of refuse collection, how university decentralization stimulated regional economies, the impact of rent control, public support for congestion pricing, the economics of rebuilding cities after disasters, and many other topics.
One other theme ran through Quigley’s life and research: his knowledge and love of Sweden. His first publication appeared in the Swedish Journal of Economics in 1966. He would go on to write many articles on all aspects of the Swedish economy. He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in 2006, and he received an honorary degree from Sweden’s Royal Institute of Technology in 2007.
Quigley’s wide-ranging and prolific scholarship was matched by his generous teaching and mentoring. He served as a committee member for over one hundred PhD dissertations during his career, chairing twenty-six since 1990. His was noted for his devotion to his students, his exceptionally high standards and expectations, his wide-ranging intellectual curiosity, his availability, his quick-turn-around of manuscripts and papers, his generosity and humor, and his ability to get graduate students to perform at levels beyond what they thought possible by treating them as peers and partners. His students have positions in universities, research institutes, and governmental agencies around the world.
Quigley was also a leader in service to the University and his profession. He was editor in chief of Regional Science and Urban Economics from 1986 to 2003, and he served on over two dozen editorial boards for scholarly journals during his career. He advised over twenty research and governmental agencies including the World Bank, General Accounting Office, Urban Institute, Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Federal Housing Finance Agency, and institutions inIndonesia,Hungary,Germany,Sweden, andChina. Quigley was Chair of the Department of Economics from 1992 to 1995, Chair of the Berkeley Division of the Senate of theUniversity ofCalifornia from 1996 to 1997, Director of the Berkeley Program on Housing and Urban Policy since 1999, and Interim Dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy in 2008. He was elected a fellow of the Homer Hoyt Institute in 1992 and the Regional Science Association in 2004. He was president of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association from 1996 to 1998, President of the Western Regional Science Association from 1998 to 2000, and President of the North American Regional Science Council from 2009 to 2010.
Quigley was born in New York,New Yorkin 1942. He graduated from the United States Air Force Academy with distinction in 1964, and he worked as an econometrician at the Pentagon from 1964 to 1968, leaving the Air Force with the rank of Captain and an Air Force Commendation Medal in 1968. He earned his doctorate fromHarvard University in 1971 and taught at Yale University from 1972 until he joined the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley in 1979.
He is survived by his wife of 36 years, Mary Curran, and his four children, Sam of San Francisco, Jane-Claire of New York, and Johanna and Benjamin of Stockholm, Sweden.
Our colleague, Mark Henry, recently passed away. He was professor emeritus at Clemson University, South Carolina, where he worked most of his career. He was a Research Fellow at the Rural Development Research Consortium, University of California-Berkeley, from 2003-2006. He was elected Fellow of the Southern Regional Science Association in 2004, and he received the David E. Boyce Award for Distinguished Service to the Field of Regional Science in 2000. He served a a Councilor of the North American Regional Science Council. Other services include: President, Southern Regional Science Association, 1990-91, Executive Director and Secretary-Treasurer of Southern Regional Science Association, 1980-89, and Board of Editors of the Review of Regional Studies, 1992-current, Papers in Regional Science 2001- 2010; Growth and Change, 2005. Mark developed an extensive body of research in Regional Economics, particularly in economic impact analysis, economic development, rural-urban linkages and income distribution issues. Mark published extensive nationally and internationally and was a regular attendees of regional conferences.
6th International Workshop on Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems: Environmental and Urban Сhallenges
May 12-15, 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia
The 6th International Workshop on Information Fusion and Geographic Information Systems (IF&GIS’ 2013) is a serial event in the development of theories, models and advanced applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). It continues a series of successful workshops held in 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009 in St. Petersburg and 2011 in Brest, France. It has been continuously organized by the OOGIS research laboratory of St Petersburg Institute for Informatics and Automation and French Naval Academy Research Institute. The 6th event will return toSt. Petersburg and will be specifically focused on environmental issues, from global to local scales.
|Suggested ThemesThe scope of the 6th IF&GIS Workshop will address several GIS and environmental research issues of the modeling, analysis, information processing and visualization. The proposed scientific domains as far as they address GIS fundamentals (to the left) and their application to urban and environmental challenges (to the right) include but are not limited to:
- GIS ontologies
- GIS data integration
- GIS data modeling
- GIS data analysis
- GIS data fusion
- Artificial Intelligence and GIS
- GIS and real-time monitoring systems
- GIS algorithms and computational issues
- GIS simulation
- Data Security and GIS
- Novel and emerging GIS research areas
- Environmental management
- Land-based planning
- Landscape studies
- GIS for global warming modeling
- Urban GIS
- Transportation GIS
- Marine and Coastal GIS for theArcticSea
- Intelligent GIS (IGIS) Monitoring Systems for Weather / Environmental forecasting
- GIS Applications to platform operations in cold weather
- GIS modeling
for a better Understanding of Arctic Challenges and improvement of weather forecasting
|Call for PapersAll papers accepted for the Workshop will be published in the series Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in Geoinformation & Cartography (LNG&C) after the workshop.
The abstract should summarize the contents of the paper and contain at least 70 and at most 150 words. Rules for authors see at http://if-gis.com/
| Full papers:
The page limit for workshop papers is 14 pages.
Rules for authors see at http://if-gis.com/
- Abstracts submission: ……… August 20, 2012
- Full paper submission: ……… September 30, 2012
- Notification of acceptance: …..November 20, 2012
- Final papers due: …………… .December 15, 2012
IF&GIS’ 2013 Organizing Committee
Voice: +7-(812)-355-96-82 Fax: +7(812)-355-9674
Purdue University is seeking a visionary and dynamic leader for its Center for Regional
Development. Founded in 1869, Purdue is Indiana’s land-grant University and is one of the
nation’s leading research universities. Purdue has a statewide presence, with several regional
campuses, Extension offices in all 92 counties, and a West Lafayette campus enrollment of
nearly 40,000. The University has a diverse faculty and one of the largest international student
enrollments in the nation. The West Lafayette campus is located 65 miles north of Indianapolis
and 120 miles south of Chicago.
Emerging economic development theory and practice relies heavily on collaboration skills,
human assets, and networks that leverage a broad array of regional resources. Research
universities play a central role in these emerging regional networks. Purdue’s Center for
Regional Development was formed in 2006 to advance economic and community development
by leveraging Purdue’s assets in developing robust, collaborative civic economies; data analysis
and interpretation; business technical assistance; and professional education. PCRD’s programs
are highly leveraged financially and rely largely on funds from grants and contracts and from
clients and customers.
The Director reports to the Associate Vice President for Engagement and is responsible for
providing vision and leadership to PCRD. The Director serves on the University’s Engagement
Council and works with faculty, college and school Deans, and community and organization
leaders to provide responsive, high quality assistance to communities and regions throughout
Indiana and beyond. The Director is the key administrator responsible for linking PCRD with
Cooperative Extension and other Purdue programs statewide.
Qualified candidates will have an academic and/or professional record suitable for tenure as a
professor and have demonstrated excellence as a leader in an academic or other related
professional enterprise. Qualified candidates will be able to articulate and advance the goals and
programs of the Purdue Center for Regional Development, understand and acknowledge the
value of resource partnerships both within and external to the university, be sensitive to all
constituencies served by the University, and demonstrate a commitment to a global perspective
in carrying out PCRD’s mission.
Applications or nominations should be sent to: Dr. V. L. Lechtenberg, Chair, PCRD Search
Committee, Purdue University, Gerald D. and Edna E. Mann Hall, Suite 266, 203 Martin Jischke
Drive, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1971; email:firstname.lastname@example.org. Screening will begin August 20,
2012 and continue until the position is filled. A background check will be required for
employment in this position.
Purdue University is an equal opportunity/equal access/affirmative action employer fully
committed to achieving a diverse workforce.
The Geography and Spatial Sciences (GSS) Program of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) has announced the implementation of a new schedule for the submission and evaluation of proposals. GSS also is adopting special merit review criteria in order to better identify potentially transformative research that has larger-scale, longer-term significance. These changes are outlined in a new GSS program solicitation (NSF 12-570) that provides more specific guidance regarding the preparation of proposals for the GSS competition. The new solicitation is accessible via http://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?WT.z_pims_id=503621&ods_key=nsf12570.
Effective immediately GSS will conduct only one annual competition for new research proposals submitted to its regular competition. The next deadline for submission of these proposals is September 13, 2012. In future years, the proposal-submission deadline will be the first Thursday in September. This new deadline is for all regular research proposals, as well as proposals for conferences, workshops, group-travel, other community-development activities, and research coordination networks (RCNs). Based on merit review, all proposals will be recommended for funding or for declination. Some investigators whose proposals are declined will have an opportunity to submit a revised proposal prior to the next annual deadline, but that opportunity will be limited to investigators who receive explicit invitations to resubmit early from the GSS program officers because of the potential larger-scale, longer-term significance of their projects.
The GSS program will continue to conduct two competitions annually for doctoral dissertation research improvement (DDRI) proposals, although the proposal-submission deadlines will change to the 2nd Thursday of February and the 2nd Thursday of October each year. GSS also will continue to review Faculty Early-Career Development (CAREER) proposals submitted in accordance with the NSF-wide CAREER proposal-submission deadlines. The deadline and frequency for the CAREER competition has not changed.
The changes in the timing of proposal submission and in how proposals are evaluated are designed to enable GSS to maintain the highest quality merit review, to accelerate its support for compelling research projects that exhibit promise of having larger-scale, longer-term significance, and to help reduce costs associated with travel and government operation in accordance with U.S. government guidelines.
For the most up-to-date information about the changes in the GSS program, investigators should consult the GSS website at http://www.nsf.gov/funding/pgm_summ.jsp?pims_id=503621. Further information also is available from GSS program officers listed on the website.
Economics and Business Letters (EBL) is a new online quarterly peer-reviewed international journal published by University of Oviedo Press. Both theoretical and empirical short papers in all the fields of Economics and Business are welcome.
Original contributions will be pre-screened by the Editorial Board and subsequently reviewed by one referee in a double-blind system. An editorial decision will be taken within 12 weeks and major revision will not be considered (only accept/minor revision/reject). In order to achieve a rapid review process and publication of the articles, the length of the letters is limited to 2,500 words. The journal’s first issue is expected to be published in May 2012.
We kindly encourage you to submit your work to EBL. In doing so, please use the online submission system at: http://www.unioviedo.es/reunido/index.php/EBL
No publishing fees: no processing or publishing fees are charged to authors or institutions
Open Access: free for readers to view and download, which increases citations
Rapid publication: quick peer-review process and publication online
Herman Aguinis, Indiana University – USA
Rubén Arrondo, University of Oviedo – Spain
Bernardino Benito, University of Murcia – Spain
Ana Cárcaba, University of Oviedo – Spain
Nicolai Foss, Copenhagen Business School – Denmark
Noël Houthoofd, University of Gent – Belgium
Santiago Lago-Peñas, University of Vigo – Spain
Carlos Llano, Autonoma University of Madrid – Spain
Maria José Luengo, Northeastern University Boston – USA
Thierry Madies, Fribourg University – Switzerland
Mercedes Martos, University of Salamanca – Spain
Matías Mayor, University of Oviedo – Spain
Luiz de Mello, OECD
Fernando Muñoz, Carlos III University of Madrid – Spain
Roberto Patuelli – University of Bologna, Italy
Javier Salinas – Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
Almudena Sevilla – University of Oxford – UK
Alan Wall, University of Oviedo – Spain
For those working U.S. Census data over time, researchers at Brown University have developed the Longitudinal Tract Data Base: http://www.s4.brown.edu/us2010/Reseacher/Bridging.htm
The system now includes two sets of files in which census data from 1970-2000 have been recalculated into 2010 tract boundaries. One set is full-count data (the 100% variables from Census 1970-2000 as well as Census 2010). The other set is sample data (the one-in-six variables, like socioeconomic status, from Census 1970-2000 and the variables from American Community Survey 2006-2010).
Comparable data will become commercially available in the spring. In addition, the system includes tools that you can use to translate any data — not only census data — that were collected for census tract areas for 1970-2000 into areas for 2010. For example, if you had tract-level crime data for 1990, you could convert it to 2010 tracts. This may be helpful in many applications.
Upon its 40th anniversary, the Regional Research Institute at West Virginia University initiated an award for scholarly excellence in honor of Dr. William H. Miernyk, founder and first Director of the Institute. The William H. Miernyk Research Excellence Medal (the Miernyk Medal) is awarded annually at the Southern Regional Science Meeting to the first author of the best SRSA conference paper written and presented by an assistant professor. A substantial monetary stipend accompanies the Miernyk Medal.
William H. Miernyk earned both Bachelors and Masters Degrees in economics from the University of Colorado, followed by Masters and Doctoral Degrees in economics from Harvard University. Dedicated to research, he also discovered a love of teaching that would stay with him throughout his entire professorial career. Miernyk taught economics at Harvard, Northeastern University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Colorado before being recruited to West Virginia University to establish the Regional Research Institute. He originally committed to only a temporary stay at WVU, but found the area and work so appealing that he abandoned his plans to return to Colorado.
Perhaps best known for his widely distributed and well-received The Elements of Input- Output Analysis (1965), his interests and contributions to knowledge have focused on a much broader set of topics within and beyond regional science. His research interests have included such topics as pollution abatement, energy prices, unemployment, labor force participation, and migration in the Appalachian states. He has served as a consultant for, among many others, US Senate committees, the Appalachian Regional Commission, and The World Bank. Known for his critical insight, rigor, and excellence in research, his writing is clear and concise. In addition to numerous contributions to the academic literature, Miernyk extended his sphere of influence to the general public through weekly columns in the Charleston Gazette.
To be eligible for the 2010 Miernyk Medal, authors must have registered for the 2012 SRSA conference in Charlotte, NC, and must submit their papers electronically for panel review to the Regional Research Institute (RRI) at email@example.com WVU by Friday, February 10, 2012. Members of the panel will include and be selected by the Director of the RRI, whose decision will be final.
The Miernyk Medal may be awarded to any Ph.D. recipient at a rank no higher than Assistant Professor at the time of the award. The winning paper will report the diligent and systematic enquiry and discovery of facts or principles relating to a topic of interest to regional scientists. The winning author must be the consensus choice of the panel. The Miernyk Medal may not be awarded every year, at the discretion of the panel.
The 20th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT) will be held at the Grand Hotel Huis ter Duin, Noordwijk, The Netherlands from July 17 to July 19, 2013. The 20th Symposium will be organized by Delft University of Technology.
The ISTTT series is the premier gathering for the world’s leading transportation and traffic theorists, and for those who are interested in contributing to or gaining a deeper understanding of the field. The symposium covers all scientific aspects of transportation and traffic, spanning all modes of transport, including freight, air, and maritime modes, as well as private and public transport.
Sample topics welcomed by the symposium include but are not limited to:
- Traffic flow theories and their implications
- Traffic management and control
- Dynamics of transport phenomena, especially when coupled with observation
- Intelligent Transport Systems
- Travel behavior processes and demand modeling
- Vehicular interactions in mixed-mode traffic
- Congestion pricing and other policies
- Scheduled modes (public transport, air networks): system planning, service design and operations
- Pedestrian and crowd modeling
- Transport safety
- Network modelling and dynamics
- Routing and scheduling in transportation systems
- Freight transport modeling, logistics, and supply chains
- Terminal design and operation
- Transportation policy
Extended abstract and paper submission:
As in past symposia, paper review will be a two-stage process. An extended abstract (around 1000 words) can be submitted electronically to the organizers through the website www.isttt20.org between August 15, 2011 and January 15, 2012 for the first-round review. Since for the ISTTT series the principal criterium is the scientific contribution of the work, we emphasize that the extended abstracts need to provide sufficient (theoretical, mathematical or empirical) evidence to allow the reviewers to assess this contribution.
Please note that the official language for the ISTTT is (UK) English.
Accepted papers will be published both in the symposium book (Elsevier Procedia series) and in Special Issues of the Transportation Research series.
Given the high standards of the ISTTT series, only 36 papers will be selected for podium presentation and publications in the conference proceedings. In addition, around 24 papers will be selected for a poster presentation. These papers will be made available via the symposium website only.
Please find below the most important dates for ISTTT20:
- August 1, 2011: Call for papers
- January 15, 2012 : Submission of extended abstracts
- April 15, 2012: Notification of acceptance or rejection
- August 1, 2012: Submission of full papers of peer review
- November 15, 2012: Notification of acceptance or rejection of full paper
- February 15, 2013: Submission of full, revised papers
- July 17-19 2013: ISTTT Symposium
The scientific committee consists of scholars from and outside of TU Delft:
- Prof. dr. Serge Hoogendoorn (General chair)
- Dr. Hans van Lint (Co-chair)
- Prof. dr. Piet Bovy
- Prof. dr. Henk van Zuylen
- Prof. dr. Bart van Arem
- Prof. dr. Rob Bertini
- Prof. dr. Avi Ceder
- Prof. dr. Ludovic Leclerq
- Dr. Michiel Bliemer
- Dr. Caspar Chorus
- Dr. Winnie Daamen
- Dr. Emma Frejinger
- Dr. Nikolas Geroliminis
- Prof. dr. Ingo Hansen
- Dr. Sascha Hoogendoorn-Lanser
- Dr. Victor Knoop
- Prof. dr. Bart De Schutter
- Dr. Chris Tampère
- Prof. Fred Wegman
- Prof. dr. Ning Wu
- Prof. dr. Rob Zuidwijk
Following the tradition of previous symposia, one presenter per paper will be eligible for significant travel assistance. The hotel costs of all speakers at the conference (both poster and podium) will be reimbursed, assuming one speaker per presentation, and a three day stay.
We will keep you informed about the state-of-affairs via the symposium website www.ISTTT20.org (launched at the 15th of August).
Looking forward to welcome you in Noordwijk aan Zee! Prof. Dr. Serge Hoogendoorn and Dr. Hans van Lint
Transport & Planning Department Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Delft University of Technology
Walter Isard, 1919-2010
The founder of the field of Regional Science and its most prominent early scholar in industrial location theory, methods of regional analysis and general theory, Walter Isard established an interdisciplinary movement on regional and urban research in North America, Europe and Asia. Isard died on November 6, 2010, at Drexel Hill, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, of natural causes. Through his determined leadership, Isard encouraged economists, geographers, sociologists and urban and regional planners to cross disciplinary boundaries, construct theories of urban and regional phenomena and apply methods of analysis to the emerging urban, regional and environmental policy issues of the mid and late 20th Century.
Isard was born on April 19, 1919 in Philadelphia to immigrant parents. By 1939, he graduated with distinction from Temple University, majoring in mathematics, and entered Harvard University as a graduate student in the Economics Department, then the leading economics department in the world. There, he developed a research interest in building construction, transportation development, the location of economic activities, and the ensuing cycles of growth and stagnation that characterized the 1920-1940 period. In 1941-42, he studied at the University of Chicago, where his interest in mathematics was rekindled. Subsequently, he was affiliated with the National Planning Resources Board, while quickly completing his Ph.D. Subsequently, he served in the Civilian Public Service as a conscientious objector; during the night hours at the state mental hospital where he was assigned, he translated into English the works of the German location theorists, including the works of the leading German location theorists Weber, Lösch and Predöhl.
During the post-war years, Isard accelerated his studies of industrial location theory, while working at W. W. Leontief’s interindustry research project at Harvard, and honing his teaching skills at various part-time appointments including the first course on location theory and regional development ever taught at Harvard’s Economics Department. In 1948, at the age of 29, Isard initiated meetings of leading economists, geographers, sociologists and demographers on interdisciplinary regional research. These efforts found a welcome audience among participants of annual disciplinary conferences, and continued intensively throughout the next six years. In December 1954 at the meetings of the Allied Social Science Associations in Detroit, he organized a conference program of 25 papers; at the business meeting, 60 scholars endorsed the idea of forming a separate association named the Regional Science Association. Nearly sixty years later, the association has about 4,500 members worldwide.
After establishing the field of Regional Science, Isard was Associate Professor of Regional Economics and Director of the Section of Urban and Regional Studies at M.I.T. In 1956, he became a professor in the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and formed the Graduate Group in Regional Science. Two years later, he founded the Regional Science Department, as well as the Journal of Regional Science. In 1960, the first Ph.D. in Regional Science was awarded to William Alonso for his seminal study of urban location and land use.
Isard then expanded his horizons to Europe and Asia. In 1960, he visited many research centers in Europe where he organized sections of the Regional Science Association (RSA). The first European Congress was held in 1961. Sections of the RSA were subsequently established in many countries throughout Europe and Asia as well as North America. During the mid-1960s, Regional Science summer institutes were held at Berkeley, and in 1970 the first European Summer Institute took place in Karlsruhe, Germany. Subsequently, summer institutes were held in Europe every second year. International conferences are now held every year in North America and Europe and every second year in the Pacific region. In 1989, the Regional Science Association was reorganized and its name modified to the Regional Science Association International www.rsai.org.
In 1978, the Regional Science Association established its Founder’s Medal in honor of Walter Isard. The following year Isard moved to Cornell University as Professor of Economics, where he continued to teach until his recent retirement from active research. In 1985, he was elected to the (U. S.) National Academy of Sciences. Isard received several honorary degrees including those from Poznan Academy of Economics, Poland (1976), Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands (1978), the University of Karlsruhe, Germany (1979), Umeå University, Sweden (1980), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1982) State University of New York at Binghamton (1997) and University of Geneva (2002).
Walter Isard’s research contributions were large and diverse. His interests in regional and urban phenomena were formed during his graduate studies, leading to his first major book, Location and Space Economy (1956). Next, he initiated research on the economic and social consequences of atomic power and industrial complexes and intensified his research on methods of regional and urban analysis, including interregional interindustry models, interregional linear programming models, and migration and gravity models, resulting in his second major book, Methods of Regional Analysis (1960), thoroughly updated as Methods of Interregional and Regional Analysis (1998). During the 1960s, Isard turned to more theoretical pursuits related to individual behavior and decision making as well as general equilibrium theory for a system of regions as presented in his third major book, General Theory (1969). Concurrently, he and his students undertook a major interindustry study of the Philadelphia region, which led to a fourth major book, Regional Input-Output Study (1971) and other empirically-oriented research.
Throughout his career, Isard also pursued policy interests related to conflict management and resolution, disarmament and peace science. He founded the Peace Research Society, later renamed the Peace Science Society, and founded the Graduate Group in Peace Science at the University of Pennsylvania. Several of his books, which number over 25, as well as many of his 300 published papers, concern topics in peace science.
Isard’s accomplishments were more related to interregional constructs and relationships than intraurban ones. The general focus of his research concerned systems of cities and regions; even so, some of his thinking pertains to interactions among urban communities and neighborhoods. In fostering and developing the Regional Science Association, and various journals on regional science, he always welcomed contributions at any scale of region: neighborhood, city, economic regions, countries and the world. His orientation was generally theoretical and methodological. Policy issues, such as energy, environment and even conflict resolution, seemed to interest him more for their analytical challenges than their policy content.
David Boyce, Northwestern University firstname.lastname@example.org
Isard, W. 1956. Location and Space-Economy, A General Theory Relating to Industrial
Location, Market Areas, Land Use, Trade, and Urban Structure, New York: The Technology Press of M. I. T. and John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Isard, W., with D. F. Bramhall, G. A. P. Carrothers, J. H. Cumberland, L. N. Moses, D. O. Price, E. W. Schooler. 1960. Methods of Regional Analysis: an Introduction to Regional Science, New York: The Technology Press of M. I. T. and John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Isard, W., with T. E. Smith, and P. Isard, T. H. Tung, M. Dacey. 1969. General Theory, Social, Political, Economic, and Regional with Particular Reference to Decision-Making Analysis, Cambridge: The M. I. T. Press.
Isard, W., with T. W. Langford. 1971. Regional Input-Output Study, Cambridge: The M. I. T. Press.
Isard, W., I. J. Azis, M. P. Drennan, R. E. Miller, S. Saltzman, E. Thorbecke. 1998. Methods of Interregional and Regional Analysis, Brookfield, VT: Ashgate Publishing Co.
Isard, W. 2003. History of Regional Science and the Regional Science Association International, Beginnings and Early History, Berlin: Springer.
Boyce, D. 2004. A short history of the field of regional science, Papers in Regional Science, 83, 31-57.